When I posted last on Pete Rugolo (here
), I left out two major albums in my survey of the arranger's work in a leadership role. They are Rugolo Plays Kenton
(1958) and Behind Brigitte Bardot
Both are exceptional for different reasons. Rugolo, of course, began arranging for Stan Kenton in 1944, starting with Opus a Dollar Three Eighty
. As the years rolled on with Kenton, he arranged many of vocalist June Christy's numbers with the band as well as major instrumental works, including Machito, Collaboration, Elegy for Alto, Unison Riff, Minor Riff, Lover
(all 1947) as well as Love for Sale, Laura, Theme for Alto
and Nat King Cole's Orange Colored Sky
Rugolo during this period became an early developer of jazz-classical and its highest-profile champion. The late Mercury producer Jack Tracy made this point in his liner notes to a re-issue of Rugolo Plays Kenton:
Another open- minded arranger of modern jazz, Bill Russo, said in 1963: 'Without a doubt, Pete Rugolo was the initiator of third stream jazz. He was one of the first men to apply an extensive symphonic or non-jazz compositional technique to the jazz orchestra."
On Rugolo Plays Kenton
, the arranger updates the Kenton sound for the high-fidelity age, giving it an even more expansive wall-of-sound feel. In 1958, Rugolo's approach to Kenton's music was less like hitting a heavy bag and more like the sound of a 12-cylinder automatic-transmission accelerating—smooth and strong. Eager Beaver
(dig Bob Cooper's oboe mixed in), Painted Rhythm
(with two flutes together), Opus in Pastels
(with tympani drums) and Capitol Punishment
(recorded for this session) are spectacular arrangements and a superb tribute to the heart of what made Kenton spectacular—coy cacophony and supersized ambition. The music on Rugolo Plays Kenton
feels as if it has moved out of the old city and into newly built suburbs, much the way Frank Sinatra's Capitol recordings had that updated, swinging feel.
Dig the West Coast artists on the session: Al Porcino, Ollie Mitchell, Buddy Childers and Don Fagerquist (tp); Milt Bernhart, Frank Rosolino and Harry Betts (tb); Ken Shroyer (b-tb); Red Callender (tu); Harry Klee and Bud Shank (as,fl); Bob Cooper (ts,oboe); Dave Pell (ts,cl); Chuck Gentry (bar,b-cl); Claude Williamson (p); Howard Roberts (g); Don Bagley (b)' Shelly Manne (d); and Pete Rugolo (arr,cond). Dick Nash replaced Betts on the second session. [Photo above of Dave Pell]
Despite its cheesy, sexist name, Behind Brigitte Bardot
remains a brilliant concept. Rugolo took many of the songs from movies in which the French actress appeared and gave them a hip score. A T'aimer
from Love Is My Profession
from Sans Famile
and Manina Theme
(From Girl in the Bikini
) are gorgeous movie-music arrangements with a cool, pre-Henry Mancini feel. This is an album you just put on and let it play from start to finish. It's probably Rugolo's least known and least celebrated album, but it's among his finest.
The band on this album featured Pete Candoli, Ollie Mitchell and Jack Sheldon (tp); Frank Rosolino and Milt Bernhart (tb); Ken Shroyer (b-tb); Richard Perissi and Vince DeRosa (fhr); Bud Shank, Paul Horn, Buddy Collette, Ted Nash and Chuck Gentry (reeds); Larry Bunker (vib,perc); Fred Katz (p,cello); Laurindo Almeida (g); Phil Stephens (b,tu); Buddy Clark (b); Mel Lewis (d); Gloria Wood (vcl on Paris B.B.
); and Pete Rugolo (arr,cond). On the second session, Joe Mondragon (b) and Gene Estes (vib,perc) replaced Clark and Bunker. [Photo above of Jack Sheldon]
Whether it was celebrating Kenton by topping many of his own arrangements or scoring the most elegant movie music in a loving tribute to Bardot, Rugolo was really something. Both of these albums are superior without sounding the least bit dated. Two albums I'll have to pack for my next trip to L.A. to give them the driving test.
JazzWax tracks: You'll find Rugolo Plays Kenton here
. And you'll find Behind Brigitte Bardot
coupled with Rugolo's Top TV Themes here
, or the album by itself here