By Nick DeRiso
For all of the many wonders of Duke Ellington
's Such Sweet Thunder
, the 1957 ode to the writings of William Shakespeare left plenty of room to tinker. Many of the compositions, which explored literary familiars from Othello to Hamlet, were but brief bursts of sound. That opens the door for an interesting reimaging of the work by New Orleans-born Delfeayo Marsalis
And Sweet Thunder
is just that, a reimagingnot a retelling. Marsalis has orchestrated the pieces for an octet, included additional exposition, and in some places composed entirely new segments.
For instance, Sonnet to Hank Cing," once a mere 1.24 minutes long, circles out from the song's initial major-minor contrast with Marsalis, then tenorist Mark Shim, altoist Mark Gross and baritonist Jason Marshall each taking 10-bar blues-based turns. Sonnet in Search of a Moor"almost four times longer than the Duke's originalexpands what was once a glimpse into the complex character of Othello into a devastatingly dramatic portrait. Star-Crossed Lovers," featuring Mulgrew Miller on piano, modulates brilliantly to suggest the differences between Romeo and Juliet. Up and Down" and Lady Mac" retain much the same structure, but with saxophonesfirst Victor Goines, then Grossnow in the spot once inhabited by Clark Terry. Similarly, Goines is featured on Madness in the Great Ones," once a trumpet feature.
As the project moved toward completion, Marsalis changed the playing order, as well. For instance, Sonnet for Caesar" originally followed the album-opening Such Sweet Thunder" on Ellington's recording. This dark and sinuous take, now featuring Branford Marsalis
on the soprano, moves back to second from the lastwhere its frenetic Middle Eastern mystery has far greater impact.
Marsalis, it seems, has long been fascinated with Such Sweet Thunder
. He wrote his college thesis on the Ellington suite, and has been working on this project for years. Yet living with it, rather than creating stasis, opened up new musical vistas for the talented trombone-playing producer.
Marsalis further advances the piece by incorporating the subsequent musical ideas that grew out of the Ellington ethos. Half the Fun" hasa funky grit, with a Branford solo that connects with his history in Art Blakey
's Jazz Messengers; Billy Strayhorn
's Up and Down" now swings with an angular be-bop; Sweet Thunder
closes with Circle of Fourth," an engaging homage to Shakespeare's brilliant versatility that changes tempo after each restatement of the melody, recalling the free-form style of John Coltrane
or Ornette Coleman
Listen closely enough to this fine wrought effort, and you'll hear musical accents from his hometown, too: Marsalis adds an African rhythm, then a vocal-style muted trombone to Sonnet for Sister Kate." Trumpeter Tiger Okoshi and saxophonist Mark Gross recall the French Quarter's side-street tap dancers, all open-hearted guile and soft-shoe joy, during The Telecasters."Sweet Thunder,
in the end, is the opposite of what we've come to expect from those who (rightly, if uninterestingly) still diefy Duke: stale repertory mimickry. Marsalis builds up from a familiar foundation of Ellingtoniasome time-honored templates, others just jumping-off pointsand ends up with his own construction.
In this way, Marsalis' new recording, and this is its profound strength, rediscovers Duke Ellington. Not just rediscovers him, reanimates himas a living breathing thing, a collaborative voice. I loved it for that.