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This Week On Riverwalk Jazz: Unsung Songwriters: The Great Craftsmen

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Jim Cullum Jr. We know about the Gershwins, Cole Porter
Cole Porter
Cole Porter
1891 - 1964
composer/conductor
and Irving Berlin—but who were the hardworking, yet little-known craftsmen of song responsible for penning the vast body of work known as “jazz standards” of the golden age? The lyrics of these songs may be rich with romance, a silly Marx Brothers ditty, or even a “torchy” lament of lost love. But the melodies capture the rhythmic bounce of America in love with its own happy-go-lucky optimism. Most were written in the era of daredevil aviators, English Channel swimmers and the “boop-boop-a-doop” girl. Somewhere along the way, jazz musicians gave these songs new life and they became standards—favorites through the decades.

Inspired by The Unsung Songwriters: America’s Masters of Melody, a book written by the late Warren W. Vaché, Sr., father of cornetist Warren Jr. and former Jim Cullum Jazz Band clarinetist Allan Vaché, Riverwalk Jazz offers a concert tribute to the unsung heroes of popular song.

The program is distributed in the US by Public Radio International, on Sirius/XM satellite radio and can be streamed on-demand from the Riverwalk Jazz website. You can also drop in on a continuous stream of shows at the Stanford Archive of Recorded Sound.

Fred E. Ahlert scored hits that stayed fresh for years—standards like “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home” and “I Don’t Know Why (I Just Do).” With his lyricist partner, Roy Turk, he wrote “I’ll Get By (As Long As I Have You)” and “Mean To Me.” In 1935 Ahlert and lyricist Joe Young wrote a tune most often remembered in the version recorded by Fats Waller
Fats Waller
Fats Waller
1904 - 1943
piano
and His Rhythm, “I’m Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter.”

The black vaudeville song-and-dance team of Creamer and Layton produced a string of hits in the pre-jazz era that continue to be recorded well into the 21st century. The Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
1909 - 1986
clarinet
Trio recorded a celebrated up-tempo version of Creamer and Layton’s “After You’ve Gone” in the 1930s, and “Strut Miss Lizzie,” from their 1922 Broadway vaudeville show of the same name, was one of the last recordings ever made by Bix Beiderbecke
Bix Beiderbecke
Bix Beiderbecke
1903 - 1931
cornet
in 1930.

Charles N. Daniels, active from 1901 to the late 1930s, composed and published music under several pseudonyms; the best-known is “Neil Moret.” Several of his songs found their way into the traditional New Orleans jazz repertoire. His “You Tell Me Your Dream” from 1908 is still a favorite at Preservation Hall. And his 1901 “Hiawatha,” a big hit for John Phillip Sousa, started a national craze for Native American themed tunes. Daniels biggest hit is still often recorded today—“He’s Funny That Way.”

Shelton Brooks, another black vaudevillian, placed a song with mega-star Sophie Tucker that eventually became her theme song—“Some of These Days.” His “Darktown Strutters’ Ball” first gained widespread fame through a 1917 recording by the Original Dixieland Jass Band and was a standard in Sophie Tucker’s repertoire.

The team of Harry Ruby and Bert Kalmar wrote songs for the Marx Brothers movies, as well as many well-played and recorded standards. “A Kiss to Build a Dream On” is most closely associated with Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
1901 - 1971
trumpet
, who recorded it several times. The Jim Cullum Jr.
Jim Cullum Jr.
Jim Cullum Jr.
b.1941
cornet
Jazz Band is inspired by extra-hot recordings of “Who’s Sorry Now?,” waxed by the Bob Crosby
Bob Crosby
b.1913
Bob Cats and the Rhythmakers, but today’s audiences remember a 1950s’ version by Connie Francis.

All of the “Unsung Songwriters” featured on Riverwalk Jazz this week were well-established, professional composers with multiple hits to their credit. Tin Pan Alley legend Harry Woods is right up there with huge commercial successes like “I’m Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover.” He wrote Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
1915 - 1959
vocalist
’s “What a Little Moonlight Can Do” and Armstrong’s “Hustlin’ and Bustlin’ for Baby.”

One of his songs, “Try a Little Tenderness,” has had an especially vibrant life in the movies and on the charts, with recordings by Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
1917 - 1996
vocalist
, Blood, Sweat and Tears, Perry Como, Otis Redding and Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
1915 - 1998
vocalist
. Woods’ “She’s a Great, Great Girl” is remembered today by jazz fans as the debut recording appearance of Jack Teagarden
Jack Teagarden
Jack Teagarden
1905 - 1964
trombone
in 1928.


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