Heroes Of Swing This Week On Riverwalk Jazz

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Jim Cullum Jr.
This week Riverwalk Jazz salutes the great soloists of the 1930s who propelled jazz to a new level. We’ll hear the music of two Irish-American brothers from Pennsylvania who shared a drive for musical perfection—Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey
Tommy Dorsey
Tommy Dorsey
1905 - 1956
; as well as the work of the self-taught European gypsy guitarist Django Reinhardt
Django Reinhardt
Django Reinhardt
1910 - 1953
, whose solo playing re-invented jazz guitar. Also on the bill is music from a trio of highly inventive reedmen—Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
Benny Goodman
1909 - 1986
, Bud Freeman
Bud Freeman
Bud Freeman
1906 - 1991
sax, tenor
, and Benny Carter
Benny Carter
Benny Carter
1907 - 2003
sax, alto

The program is distributed in the US by Public Radio International, on Sirius/XM satellite radio and can be streamed on-demand from the Riverwalk Jazz website.

At the dawn of jazz, in early 20th century New Orleans, players like trombonist Kid Ory
Kid Ory
Kid Ory
1886 - 1973
and cornetist King Oliver taught themselves how to play—or learned informally from other musicians. Many worked day jobs on the docks or as servants. First-generation jazz musicians created a driving, rhythmic style that caught on around the country. But it was a relatively simple music—you might have called it “urban folk music."

Though early New Orleans jazz lacked the spit and polish of technical proficiency, jazz soloists of the Swing Era declared this territory their battleground. These “Heroes of Swing" won their medals with precise intonation and the ability to play fast, clean runs, with absolute accuracy in both low and very high ranges. As author John McDonough wrote in “Streamlining Jazz: Major Soloists of the 1930s and '40s" in The Oxford Companion to Jazz, “In the struggle to outgrow its origins, jazz became caught up in an arms race of virtuosity that took the solo form from folk art and popular art to the portals of high art.”

Just as King Oliver was the visionary who wrote the rules on what ensemble-style jazz bands should sound like, his protégée Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
1901 - 1971
led the pack on defining the art of the jazz soloist.

Ever since Louis Armstrong recorded his first spectacular jazz solo inventions in the 1920s, the music has revolved around stellar solo playing. Louis Armstrong and reedman Sidney Bechet
Sidney Bechet
Sidney Bechet
1897 - 1959
sax, soprano
were among the first jazz players to define their art with equal emphasis on technical expertise, dazzling solos, and passionate performances. But by the mid-'30s, their influence was heard in a new generation of jazzmen, in some cases using formal musical training to expand the language of jazz, inventing new rhythms and more daring harmonies. The results thrilled audiences.

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