But you'd never know it today. Sure, a few folks like Buddy DeFranco, Tony Scott and Jimmy Giuffre helped keep the clarinet spirit alive in the fifties (mostly by going into other forms of jazz). But by the 1960s, hardly anyone would be caught dead playing the clarinetconsidered probably the most old-fashioned and out-dated instrument in jazz (sorry, bass clarinet players, led by Eric Dolphy, and sax players like Phil Woods, or countless others, who played clarinet on a less than part-time basis really don't count).
It was only in Europe where the clarinet seemed to thrive after 1960. Even American clarinetists such as Scott and Perry Robinson were forced to ply their trade in Europe. This was the age that gave rise to Germans Rolf Kühn and Theo Jörgensmann, the Swedish Putte Wickman, the Japanese Eiji Kitamura and far too few others. Then, of course, later there was John Carter, Alvin Batiste, George Lewis, Eddie Daniels and Don Byron. There was also Hungarian émigré Lajos Dudás (b. 1941), who, from the mid-1960s on, has centered himself in Germany.
Lajos Dudas plays the blues with guitarist Philipp van Endert in Munich.
He's played prolifically there ever since, particularly on many radio broadcasts with Germany's best orchestras and Europe's finest jazz players. He's also been recorded frequently and quite well since the mid-1970s on a variety of German and Hungarian labels, in some startlingly differing contexts (most notably in a duo format), with some tremendously supportive players and many long-time musical associates.
Lajos Dudas beautifully conjures the entire history of jazz clarinet, from its very beginningswhich extend well before the start of jazz -and its swing and bop modes to its freest and most romantic of now accepted clarinet-jazz moods. He may well even cover this entire trajectory within just one song. It's part of his nature. He's almost completely unencumbered by fad or fashion.
50 years with jazzclarinet: The Best of Lajos Dudas captures a fraction of Lajos Dudas' prolific output. It is the latest of the clarinetist's samplers. But the point is that this truly under-appreciated clarinetist has a long recording history that hasn't earned the respect his major-label contemporaries have been given. But the quality of the music he's performed over the years speaks for itselfthat is when it is heard. For the record, I'm surprised that ECM, or some other internationally-distributed labelhas never waxed a Dudas album.
This well-programmed set, however, doesn't quite live up to its rather unwieldy name. The span of consideration is more like 30 years rather than 50, the music isn't all jazz and Dudas is not heard exclusively on clarinet (he started off as a saxophonist). It is, however, a terrific representation of Lajos Dudas' best musical performances and provides not only some music that is otherwise unavailable on CD, it surprises with some never-before issued gems that account for a mere sliver of what must be hundreds of hours of recorded radio performances the clarinetist has made over the last half century since living in Germany (which is probably where the reference to 50 years comes from).
Dudas aligns himself here with noble European jazz lights like fellow Hungarian ex-pats Attila Zoller (1927-98, on Rumpelstilzchen") and Tommy Vig (b. 1938, on Benny"), Hungarian singer and actress Marta Szirmay (b. 1939, aka Marta Szirmai, on Wiegenlied"), German trombonist Albert Mangelsdorff (1928-2005, on Blueduet"), German vibraphonist and free-jazz icon Karl Berger (b. 1935, on Pirouette" and Let's Call The Whole Thing Off") and American ex-pat vibraphonist Tom van der Geld (from the cult group Children at Play, on Detour"), not to mention many group regulars including drummer and fellow Hungarian ex-pat János Szudy, German bassist Ali Haurand and, most especially, the great German guitarist (and the manager of this CD's label, JazzSick) Philipp van Endert, who figures on ten of this double CD's 25 tracks.
Change of Time"as featured on 50 years with jazzclarinetBy Lajos Dudas with Harvey Wainapelalto sax; Hans Sparlatrombone; Vitold Rekbass; and Wladimir Tarasovdrums.
As a set, the presentation of the disc's first volume is a little erratic. It fluctuates from free-ish outbursts to slow, melodic moments and wildly varying instrumentation. But things start kicking into gear on the set's second disc, led by the inventively brilliant electronic take on Summertime" (1991), which follows rather perfectly on the heels of the terrific, yet seemingly out-of-place fusion performance of Csardes Obstine" (1978).
There is great variety in the presentations Lajos Dudas provides heremaybe a bit too much. But the element of jazz, or more accurately a great sense of swing, pervades throughout. And, somehow, the added presence of Philipp van Endert inspires Dudas to even greater heights and, ultimately, makes for some really exciting music.
Like so many compilations, it's not exactly the sort of thing somebody else would have put together. There's no sign of Dudas's great tribute to guitarist Gabor Szabo, whose sudden death in 1982 prevented a recording he was scheduled to do with Dudas, called For Gabor" (recorded twice, in 1985 on Sunshine State and then again in 1995 on Encore) or anything from the appropriately named Some Great Songs (Double Moon, 1998) or the utterly lovely Jazz and the City (Konnex, 2004whose title is probably a take-off of the TV show Sex and the City).
Sunday Afternoon"as featured on 50 years with jazzclarinetBy Lajos Dudas with Philipp van Endertguitar; Martin Gjakonovskibass; Kurt Billkerdrums.
But far too few people know about Lajos Dudas, who turns 70 in February, and the great wealth of music he has contributed to the jazz pantheon. 50 years with jazzclarinet: The Best of Lajos Dudas is an excellent introduction.
To find out more about Lajos Dudas or to purchase 50 years with jazzclarinet, visit JazzSick Records. To discover just how much great music is here, where it comes from, who plays on what andneedless to sayjust how beautifully Dudas shines throughout, here is the discographical detail:
Detour (Lajos Dudas) from 1980 LP Detour and 1993 CD Urban Blues: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Ali Haurandbass; Kurt Billkerdrums. Special Guest: Tom van der Geldvibes.
Rumpelstilzchen (Attila Zoller) from 1982 LP Monte Carlo and 1993 CD Urban Blues: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Bert Thompsonbass; Kurt Billkerdrums. Special Guest: Attila Zollerguitar.
Benny (Lajos Dudas) from 1986 LP Mistral: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Teodossi Stoykovbass; Janos Szudydrums. Special Guest: Tommy Vigvibes.
Song for Jinni (Lajos Dudas) from a 1987 radio recording: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Christoph Lauertenor sax; HR Jazz Ensemble. (Dudas also recorded the song for his 1991 CD Another Face.)
Blueduet (Lajos Dudas) from a 1987 radio recording: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Albert Mangelsdorftrombone; HR Jazz Ensemble. (Dudas also recorded the song, which is also known as Blueduette," on the 1991 CD Another Face and the 1997 CD Chamber Music Live.)
Wieganlied (Lajos Dudas) from 1990 CD Change of Time: Marta Szirmayvocal; Manfred Niehausviolin' Teodossi Stoykovbass; Lajos Dudasclarinet.
Change of Time (Lajos Dudas) from a 1989 radio recording and included on the 2001 CD The Jubilee Box: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Harvey Wainapelalto sax; Hans Sparlatrombone; Vitold Rekbass; Wladimir Tarasovdrums. (Dudas previously recorded the song on the 1990 CD Change of Time.)
Grave (J.S. Bach) from the CD Jazz Crossover Klassik Volume 3: Lajos Dudas Plays Bach: Lajos Dudasclarinet.
At Carmelo's (Lajos Dudas) from the 1985 LP Sunshine State: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Ernest Gaida-Hartmannkeyboards; Teodossi Stoykovbass; Imre Köszegidrums. (Dudas again recorded the song for the 1995 CD Maydance.)
Backstage (Lajos Dudas) from a 1988 radio recording: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Gerd Dudektenor sax; Günter Lenzbass; HR Jazz Ensemble. (Dudas previously recorded the song on the 1990 CD Change of Time.)
Csardas Obstine (Franz Liszt/Lajos Dudas) from the 1978 LP Contrasts: Lajos Dudasalto sax; Mike Hertingelectric piano; Erhard Büntingguitar; Ali Haurandbass; Janoz Szudydrums.
Summertime (George Gershwin) from the 1991 CD Another Face: Lajos Dudasalto sax; Bela Weissbachtrumpet; Ernst Gaida-Hartmannkeyboards, bass synthesizer.
Sarabande (J.S. Bach) and Gavotte en Rondo (J.S. Bach) from the 1977 LP Reflection on Bach and the CD Jazz Crossover Klassik Volume 3: Lajos Dudas Plays Bach: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Ali Aurandbass; Janos Szudydrums.
La Gelee (Sebastian Buchholz) from the 1995 Juxoli CD Juxoli: Sebastian Buchholzalto sax; Lajos Dudasclarinet; Howard Johnsonbass sax; Jack Djeyim -guitar; Ramon Lopeztable, percussion.
Pals (Philipp van Endert), Cool Getz (Lajos Dudas) and Un Poco Presto (Lajos Dudas) from the 1995 CD Encore: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar; Vitold Rekbass; Kurt Billkerdrums; Janos Szudypercussion.
Miles from a 2007 radio recording: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar; Jochen Büttnerpercussion.
Sunday Afternoon (Lajos Dudas) and Bourree (J.S. Bach) from the 2002 CD Nighlight: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar; Martin Gjakonovskibass; Kurt Billkerdrums.
Triplets (Lajos Dudas) from a 2006 radio recording: Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar. (Dudas has also issued different radio recordings of this song on the 1990 CD Chamber Music Live and the 2007 CD Artistry in Duo.)
Children at Play (Lajos Dudas), Pirouette (Shorty Rogers) and Let's Call The Whole Thing Off (George Gershwin) from the 2000 CD Talk of the Town: On Children at Play" Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar; Jochen Büttnerpercussion. On Pirouette" and Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" Lajos Dudasclarinet; Philipp van Endertguitar; Leonard Jonesbass; Kurt Billkerdrums. Special Guest: Karl Bergervibes.